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Endodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the complex structures found inside the teeth. The Greek word endodontics literally means “inside the tooth” and relates to the tooth pulp, tissues, nerves, and arterioles.

Historically, a tooth with a diseased nerve would be removed immediately. Now quite frequently Dentists and occasionally Endodontists are able to save the natural tooth. Generally, disinfecting the inner tooth structures and then sealing the resulting gap with a crown restores health and functionality to damaged and infected teeth.

Signs and symptoms of endodontic problems include

  • Inflammation and tenderness in the gums.

  • Teeth that are sensitive to hot and cold foods.

  • Tenderness when chewing and biting.

  • Tooth discoloration.

  • Unexplained pain in the nearby lymph nodes.

Reasons for Endodontic Treatment

Endodontic treatment (or root canal therapy) is performed to save the natural tooth. In spite of the many advanced restorations available, most dentists agree that there is no substitute for healthy, natural teeth.

Here are some of the main causes of inner tooth damage:

Bacterial infections – Oral bacteria is the most common cause of endodontic problems. Bacteria invade the tooth through tiny fissures caused by decay or injury. The resulting inflammation and bacterial infection jeopardize the affected tooth and may cause an abscess to form.

Fractures and chips – When a large part of the surface or crown of a tooth has become completely detached, root canal therapy may be required. The removal of the crown portion leaves the nerve exposed, which can be debilitating, painful, and problematic.

Injuries – Injuries to teeth can be caused by a direct or indirect blow to the mouth area.  Some injuries cause a tooth to become luxated or dislodged from its socket. Root canal therapy is often needed after the Dentist has successfully stabilized the injured tooth.

Should you have any concerns or questions please book your appointment today.